Congratulations Drs. Jackson N.Cagle, Robert S.Eisinger, Marshall T.Holland, Kelly D.Foote, Michael S.Okun, Aysegul Gunduz on the publication of “A novel local field potential-based functional approach for targeting the centromedian-parafascicular complex for deep brain stimulation,” in NeuroImage: Clinical’s latest issue.
The centromedian-parafascicular (Cm-Pf) complex of the thalamus is a common deep brain stimulation (DBS) target for treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS). Currently, there are no standardized functional intraoperative neurosurgical targeting approaches. Collectively, these issues have led to variability in DBS lead placement. Therefore, more defined methods are needed to improve targeting accuracy.
The objective of this observational study was to develop and to verify a functional mapping task capable of differentiating the Cm-Pf region from the nearby ventral intermediate (Vim) nucleus region of the thalamus. The overarching goal was to improve the reproducibility of DBS targeting in the Cm-Pf region.
Seven TS patients completed a modified Go/NoGo task (five in the post-operative setting and two in the intra-operative setting). Post-operative neural signals from Cm-Pf region were collected using sensing-enabled implanted neural stimulators, and intraoperative neural signals from the Cm-Pf region were collected using an external amplifier. Event-related potential (ERP) features were identified by using the grand-average of stimulus onset signals derived from the postoperative participants. These features were correlated with anatomical locations for the specific electrode recordings. The same features were extracted from the intraoperative patients in order to verify electrode positions in the operating room environment.
Two features – a positive and a negative deflection – were identified in the average ERP from the post-operative participants. The peak amplitudes of both features were significantly correlated with the electrode depth position (p = 0.025 for positive deflection and p = 0.039 for negative deflection). The same result was reproduced intra-operatively in the two most recent patients, where more ventral electrode contacts revealed stronger peak amplitudes in comparison to the dorsal electrode contacts.
This process was used to physiologically confirm accurate lead placement in the operating room setting. The modified Go/NoGo task elicited robust neural responses in the Cm-Pf region however the signal was not present in the Vim nucleus region of thalamus along the DBS electrode trajectory. We conclude that the differences in ERP responses may be a potentially novel LFP based functional approach for future targeting of the Cm-Pf complex for TS DBS.