Stephen Nadeau, M.D.

Dr. Nadeau presently serves as the Associate Chief of Staff for Research, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Medical Director of the VA Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, and Professor of Neurology and Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville Florida.

In 1970, Dr. Nadeau earned Bachelor of Science degrees in Chemical Physics and Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He earned an MD with honors from the University of Florida College of Medicine in 1977, then served his Internship and Residency in Neurology before being appointed Chief Resident in Neurology in 1980. In 1981-82, Dr. Nadeau was a Research Fellow in Behavioral Neurology at the Shands Teaching Hospital Department of Neurology, Gainesville, FL.

Dr. Nadeau is a member of the AOA, a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology, a member of the International Neuropsychological Society, the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, and the American Society of Neurorehabilitation. He practices as a general neurologist with particular expertise in stroke, dementia, headache, and vasculitis.  He is listed in Best Doctors of America.  He has been dedicated to teaching throughout his career, was Neurology Clerkship Director for many years, was principal author on the medical student text, Medical Neuroscience (Philadelphia: Saunders), and has been honored with the Neurology Resident Teacher of the Year award several times

Clinical Interests

General neurology

Research Interests

Dr. Nadeau’s current research interests are primarily in the areas of behavioral neurology and neurorehabilitation. His primary focus in behavioral neurology is the application of principles of parallel distributed processing (PDP), a derivation of chaos theory, to understanding how the brain supports language and other complex functions. He is the author of The Neural Architecture of Grammar (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2012). This perspective shapes ongoing work in language research (aging related changes in language function; bilingual aphasia); research on rehabilitation of aphasia after stroke; and diffusion tensor imaging studies of neural pathways supporting language function.

Teaching Interests

Principal author of the medical student text, Medical Neuroscience (Philadelphia: Saunders, 2004)

Awards and Recognitions

The Best Doctors in America (1998-9, 2005-)
Fellow, American Academy of Neurology (1998)
University of Florida Exemplary Teacher Award 2014

Professional Society Affiliations

American Academy of Neurology
Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
International Neuropsychological Society
American Society of Neurorehabilitation

Medical Education

University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL


Shands Hospital/University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 1977

Neurology Residency

University of Florida College of Medicine,Gainesville, FL 1981


Behavioral Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine,Gainesville, FL1982


Nadeau SE. The Neural Architecture of Grammar. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2012

Nadeau SE, Bowers D, Jones TL, Wu SS, Triggs WJ, Heilman KM. Cognitive effects of treatment of depression with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Cogn Behav Neurol 2014;27:77-87.

Kendall DL, Oelke, M, Brookshire CE, Nadeau SE. The influence of phonomotor treatment on word retrieval abilities in 26 individuals with chronic aphasia: an open trial. J Speech Lang Hear Res, 2015;58(3):798-812

Nadeau SE. Opioids for chronic noncancer Pain: To prescribe or not to prescribe — What is the question? Neurology, 2015;18;85(7):646-51.

Nadeau SE, Dobkin B, Wu SS, Pei Q, Duncan PW for the LEAPS Investigative Team. The Effects of Stroke Type, Locus, and Extent on Long-Term Outcome of Gait Rehabilitation: The LEAPS Experience. Neurorehabil & Neural Rep, 2016;30:615-625.

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